Species: Andiroba

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Species profile
The colour of the heartwood is red brown, with a nice golden lustre. It resembles mahogany. Compression failure appears more often. The sapwood is not clearly demarcated. The grain is mainly straight, sometimes irregular or interlocked. The texture is medium fine. Buoyancy is variable: Andiroba branca (varzea) floats, Andiroba vermelha (terra firme) does not float. Density at 12 % moisture content: 0.67 g/cm3.

Machining goes well, with a smooth result. Resawing can be sometimes disappointing because of the deformation. Some difficulties in planning in presence of interlocked grain. Pre-drilling is recommended. Tends to split in nailing. Finishing and gluing are reported to be good. Drying goes slowly with fewer problems. Low temperature and high humidity are recommended during drying.

Andiroba is moderately to poorly durable in ground contact.

The mahogany like timber can be used for furniture and flooring, stairs, mouldings, boxes and crates, joinery, panelling, seats, carpentry, interior window frames, veneer, ship building. Exterior application of the timber is restricted by the lower durability. Generally used as substitute for Mahogany (Swietenia spp.).

• Research and experiences of A. van den Berg / Precious Woods Europe BV
• CIRAD Forestry Department

Family:MELIACEAE (angiosperm)
Origin:South and Central America
Local and common name(s)
Andiroba, Andirobeira, Masabalo, Cedro Macho, Tangare, Carapa, Cedro Bateo, Crappo, Andiroba Branca, Figueroa, Crabwood, Bastard Mahogany, Krappa,
Scientific name(s)
Carapa guianensis, Carapa procera,
Typical use
Veneer for back or face of plywood, Cabinetwork (high class furniture), Exterior joinery, Interior panelling, Stairs (inside), Glued laminated, Seats, Turned goods, Boxes and crates, Current furniture or furniture components, Sliced veneer, Interior joinery, Flooring, Light carpentry, Exterior panelling, Ship building (planking and deck), Moulding, Shingles,
Commercial restriction:No commercial restriction
IUCN Red List status:
Grain:Straigth or interlocked
Interlocked Grain:Slight
Sapwood:Not clearly demarcated
Typical colour:Red Brown
Physical description
Crushing strength:59 (+/- 7) MPa
Specific Gravity (at 12% MC):0,67 (+/- 0,06)
Stability:Moderately stable
Static bending strength:102 (+/- 18) MPa
Strength class:
Dry wood borers:Class S - Susceptible
Fungi:Class 3-4 - Moderately to poorly durable
Termites:Class M - Moderately duarable
Treatability:Class 3 - Poorly permeable
Technical descriptions from the software Tropix 7 [1], with permission of the Research Unit Biomass, Wood, Energy, Bioproducts [2], CIRAD [3].

Comparable species
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