Species: Angelim Vermelho

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Angelim Vermelho
Species profile
The wood is red brown and the sapwood is clearly demarcated. The grain is straight or interlocked and the texture is medium. Hollow tree is very common. Unpleasant odour when green or rewetted. Density at 12 % moisture content: 1.07 g/cm3.

Working Properties
The blunting effect is fairly high and peeling and slicing is not recommended or without interest. Requires power. Nailing is good but pre-boring is necessary. Gluing is correct for interior only. Gluing must be done with care (very dense wood). It dries normal to slowly and kiln drying must be handled slowly and carefully. Air drying prior to kiln drying is recommended.

Angelim vermelho is very durable to fungi and is durable to dry wood borers; sapwood demarcated (risk limited to sapwood). Due to its high specific gravity and hardness, this species naturally covers the biological hazard class 5 (end-uses in marine environment or brackish water).

Angelim Vermelho can be used for several applications such as:
• interior: e.g. industrial or heavy flooring, stairs
• exterior: e.g. posts, ship building, bridges, sleepers, heavy carpentry, vehicle or container flooring

• CIRAD Forestry Department

Family:FABACEAE-MIMOSOIDEAE (angiosperm)
Origin:South and Central America
Local and common name(s)
Gurupa, Angelim Ferro, Angelim Vermelho, Faveira Preta, Angelim Falso, Angelim Pedra, Faveira Grande, Parakwa, Louro Gamela,
Scientific name(s)
Dinizia excelsa,
Typical use
Sleepers, Heavy carpentry, Industrial or heavy flooring, Ship building (planking and deck), Poles, Bridges (Parts in contact with water or ground), Vehicle or container flooring, Bridges (Parts not in contact with water or ground), Stairs (inside), Exterior panelling,
Commercial restriction:No commercial restriction
IUCN Red List status:
Grain:Straigth or interlocked
Interlocked Grain:Slight
Sapwood:Clearly demarcated
Typical colour:Red Brown
Physical description
Crushing strength:89 (+/- 2) MPa
Specific Gravity (at 12% MC):1,07 (+/- 0,06)
Stability:Moderately stable to poorly stable
Static bending strength:160 (+/- 10) MPa
Strength class:
Dry wood borers:Class D - Durable
Fungi:Class 1 - Very durable
Termites:Class D - Durable
Treatability:Class 4 - Not permeable
Technical descriptions from the software Tropix 7 [1], with permission of the Research Unit Biomass, Wood, Energy, Bioproducts [2], CIRAD [3].

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Angelim Vermelho