Species: Angelim / Sapupira / Angelim Pedra


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Angelim / Sapupira / Angelim Pedra
Species profile
The wood is red brown and the sapwood is clearly demarcated. The grain is straight or interlocked and the texture is medium. Hollow tree is very common. Unpleasant odour when green or rewetted. Density at 12 % moisture content: 1.07 g/cm3.

The blunting effect is fairly high and peeling and slicing is not recommended or without interest. Requires power. Nailing is good but pre-boring is necessary. Gluing is correct for interior only. Gluing must be done with care (very dense wood). It dries normal to slowly and kiln drying must be handled slowly and carefully. Air drying prior to kiln drying is recommended.

Angelim vermelho is very durable to fungi and is durable to dry wood borers; sapwood demarcated (risk limited to sapwood). Due to its high specific gravity and hardness, this species naturally covers the biological hazard class 5 (end-uses in marine environment or brackish water).

Angelim Vermelho can be used for several applications such as:
• interior: e.g. industrial or heavy flooring, stairs
• exterior: e.g. posts, ship building, bridges, sleepers, heavy carpentry, vehicle or container flooring

References
• CIRAD Forestry Department

Family:FABACEAE (angiosperm)
Origin:South and Central America
Local and common name(s)
Angelim Amarelo, Mirarena, Angelim Pedra, Koraroballi, Saint Martin Jaune, Saandoe, Angelim Rosa, Angelim Da Mata, Sapupira Amarella, Saint Martin Gris, Makkakabes, Sapupira,
Scientific name(s)
Hymenolobium spp.,
Typical use
Interior joinery, Exterior joinery, Current furniture or furniture components, Stairs (inside), Industrial or heavy flooring, Sliced veneer, Interior panelling, Exterior panelling, Moulding, Heavy carpentry, Flooring,
Risk
Commercial restriction:No commercial restriction
IUCN Red List status:
Appearance
Grain:Straigth or interlocked
Interlocked Grain:Slight
Sapwood:Not clearly demarcated
Texture:Coarse
Typical colour:Orange Yellow
Physical description
Crushing strength:67 (+/- 7) MPa
Specific Gravity (at 12% MC):0,80 (+/- 0,07) MPa
Stability:Moderately stable to poorly stable
Static bending strength:119 (+/- 15) MPa
Strength class:
Durability
Dry wood borers:Class S - Susceptible
Fungi:Class 3 - Moderately durable
Termites:Class S - Susceptible
Treatability:Class 2 - Moderately permeable
References
Technical descriptions from the software Tropix 7 [1], with permission of the Research Unit Biomass, Wood, Energy, Bioproducts [2], CIRAD [3].

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