Species: Santa Maria

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Santa Maria
Species profile
The heartwood is pinkish beige/pink light brown with thin darker veins. The sapwood is clearly demarcated. The grain is curved and often interlocked. The texture is medium. Sometimes presence of resin. Density at 12 % moisture content: 0.65 g/cm3.

The blunting effect is normal and peeling and slicing is reported to be good. Some difficulties due to interlocked grain. Resin may clog tools. Finishing and gluing are reported to be good. Pre-drilling is recommended. Santa Maria has a tension to split. It dries slowly and must be done with care to avoid checking and deformation. Initial air drying prior to kiln drying and quartersawns are recommended in order to reduce defects.

Santa Maria is durable to fungi and is durable to dry wood borers; sapwood demarcated (risk limited to sapwood). Poorly to moderately resistant to termites.

Santa Maria can be used for several applications such as:
• interior: e.g. boxes and crates, veneer, panelling, furniture, flooring, joinery
• exterior: e.g. ship building, open boats, bridges, cladding, window frames, doors

Filling is recommended in order to obtain a good finish. Some of the listed end-uses require a slightly interlocked grain.

• CIRAD Forestry Department
• Research and experiences of A. van den Berg / Precious Woods Europe BV

Family:CALOPHYLLANCEAE (angiosperm)
Origin:South and Central America
Local and common name(s)
Jacareuba, Balsa Maria, Guanadi, Acieite Cachicamo, Mario, Maria, Santa Maria, Alfaro, Lagarto-caspi, Cachicamo, Cedro Do Pantano, Aceite Mario, Bella Maria, Kurahara, Palo Maria,
Scientific name(s)
Calophyllum brasiliense,
Typical use
Sliced veneer, Veneer for back or face of plywood, Ship building (planking and deck), Bridges (Parts not in contact with water or ground), Interior panelling, Cooperage, Flooring, Veneer for interior of plywood, Open boats, Interior joinery, Shingles, Boxes and crates, Current furniture or furniture components,
Commercial restriction:No commercial restriction
IUCN Red List status:
Interlocked Grain:Marked
Sapwood:Clearly demarcated
Typical colour:Light Brown
Physical description
Crushing strength:58 (+/- 7) MPa
Specific Gravity (at 12% MC):0,65 (+/- 0,07)
Stability:Moderately stable
Static bending strength:94 (+/- 11) MPa
Dry wood borers:Class D - Durable
Fungi:Class 2 - Durable
Termites:Class S - Susceptible
Treatability:Class 3 - Poorly permeable
Technical descriptions from the software Tropix 7 [1], with permission of the Research Unit Biomass, Wood, Energy, Bioproducts [2], CIRAD [3].

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