Species: Sapucaia


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Sapucaia
Species profile
The Sapucaia tree attain heights up to 35 m and the trunks are straight and cylindrical.

The heartwood of Sapucaia is yellowish to reddish brown, sometimes with darker stripes. The darker gum veins, appearing on the surface as dark lines, are characteristic. The sapwood has a lighter colour and can easily be distinguished. The grain is straight,sometimes interlocked. The texture is medium coarse.

Despite the high density, machining can be done well, resulting in a smooth surface. The Silica content varies and can cause a blunting effect on the tools. Pre-drilling is necessary. The gluing and finishing are reported to be good. Drying requires care, due to the tendency to check and warp. The timber has a tendency to end-check.

Thanks to the typical hardwood properties, Sapucaia is mainly used in outside constructions such as sheet piling, piles and decking.

(Description by Precious Woods)

Family:LECYTHIDACEAE (angiosperm)
Origin:South and Central America
Local and common name(s)
Castanha Sapucaia, Sapucaia Vermelha, Coco Mono, Yunjua, Wadaduri, Kouatapatou, Olla De Mono, Sapucaia, Coco Cristal, Guabillo, Monkey Pot, Canari Macaque, Machin Mango, Coco De Mono,
Scientific name(s)
Lecythis pisonis,
Typical use
Flooring, Stairs (inside), Sleepers, Wood frame house, Hydraulic works (fresh water), Exterior joinery, Tool handles (resilient woods), Turned goods, Vehicle or container flooring,
Risk
Commercial restriction:No commercial restriction
IUCN Red List status:
Appearance
Grain:Straigth or interlocked
Interlocked Grain:Slight
Sapwood:Clearly demarcated
Texture:Medium
Typical colour:Red Brown
Physical description
Crushing strength:71 (+/- 17) MPa
Specific Gravity (at 12% MC):0,96 (+/- 0,11)
Stability:Poorly stable
Static bending strength:137 (+/- 25) MPa
Durability
Dry wood borers:Class D - Durable
Fungi:Class 1 - Very durable
Termites:Class D - Durable
Treatability:Class 4 - Not permeable
References
Technical descriptions from the software Tropix 7 [1], with permission of the Research Unit Biomass, Wood, Energy, Bioproducts [2], CIRAD [3].

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Sapucaia