Species: Virola


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Virola
Species profile
The wood is light brown and the sapwood is clearly demarcated. The grain is straight and the texture is medium. Logs must be sawn, stored under water or treated right after felling (low durability). Density at 12 % moisture content: 0.52 g/cm3.

The blunting effect is normal and peeling and slicing is reported to be good. Sometimes fuzzy surface. Nailing is poor and gluing is correct. It dries normal to slowly. Kiln drying must be handled carefully and slowly in order to reduce defects, especially with thick material.

Virola is not durable to fungi and is susceptible to dry wood borers; sapwood not or slightly demarcated (risk in all the wood).

Virola can be used for several applications such as:
• interior: e.g. veneer, furniture, boxes and crates, panelling, wood-ware, matches, cigar boxes, pulp, moulding, formwork, light carpentry, joinery, fiber and particle boards, sliced veneer

Substitute for Okoume (Aucoumea klaineana) or Ilomba (Pycnanthus angolensis) for plywood.

References
• CIRAD Forestry Department

Family:MYRISTICACEAE (angiosperm)
Origin:South and Central America
Local and common name(s)
Ucuuba, Nuanamo, Chaliviande, Dalli, Yayamadou, Yayamadou Montagne, Cumala, Pintri, Camaticaro, Otivo, Virola, Sebo, Shempo, Moulomba, Yayamadou Marecae, Banak, Baboen, Cajuea, Cuajo, Sangrino,
Scientific name(s)
Virola spp.,
Typical use
Veneer for interior of plywood, Moulding, Boxes and crates, Shingles, Light carpentry, Interior joinery, Glued laminated, Blockboard, Cigar boxes, Veneer for back or face of plywood, Current furniture or furniture components, Formwork, Wood-ware, Matches, Interior panelling, Fiber or paticle boards, Sliced veneer, Pulp,
Risk
Commercial restriction:No commercial restriction
IUCN Red List status:
Appearance
Grain:Straight
Interlocked Grain:Absent
Sapwood:Not demarcated
Texture:Medium
Typical colour:Light Brown
Physical description
Crushing strength:37 (+/- 7) MPa
Specific Gravity (at 12% MC):0,52 (+/- 0,07)
Stability:Poorly stable
Static bending strength:65 (+/- 14) MPa
Durability
Dry wood borers:Class S - Susceptible
Fungi:Class 5 - Not durable
Termites:Class S - Susceptible
Treatability:Class 1-2 - Moderately to easily permeable
References
Technical descriptions from the software Tropix 7 [1], with permission of the Research Unit Biomass, Wood, Energy, Bioproducts [2], CIRAD [3].

Links
Comparable species
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Virola