Species: Moabi

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Species profile
The wood is pink brown to red brown more or less dark and finely veined. Satin like aspect on quartersawn. It has clearly demarcated sapwood. The grain is straight or interlocked and the texture is fine. Density at 12 % moisture content: 0.87 g/cm3.

The blunting effect is fairly high to high (silica) and peeling and slicing is reported to be good. Requires power. Sawdust can irritate mucous membranes. Nailing is good but pre-boring is necessary. Tends to split in nailing. Gluing is correct and requires care (dense wood). It dries slowly. Surface drying under cover. Kiln drying must be handled with care. It is recommended to dry until a low moisture content (10-12 %) because of its shrinkage.

Moabi is very durable to fungi and is durable to dry wood borers; sapwood demarcated (risk limited to sapwood). Due to its high specific gravity and high silica content, it naturally covers the biological hazard class 5 (end-uses in marine environment or in brackish water).

Moabi can be used for several applications such as:
• interior: e.g. high class furniture, flooring, veneer, stairs, panelling, joinery, sliced veneer, sculpture, industrial or heavy flooring
• exterior: e.g. bridges, heavy carpentry, sleepers, joinery

Can be used as substitute for Makore (Tieghemella spp.).

• CIRAD Forestry Department

Family:SAPOTACEAE (angiosperm)
Local and common name(s)
Moabi, Ayap, Moabi, M'foi, Muamba Jaune, Adjap, Dimpampi, Adza, Oko Uku, African Pearwood,
Scientific name(s)
Baillonella toxisperma, Mimusops djave (synonymous),
Typical use
Exterior joinery, Interior joinery, Flooring, Current furniture or furniture components, Cabinetwork (high class furniture), Veneer for back or face of plywood, Turned goods, Sculpture, Heavy carpentry, Rolling shutters, Interior panelling, Stairs (inside), Sliced veneer, Veneer for interior of plywood, Sleepers, Arched goods, Industrial or heavy flooring, Bridges (Parts not in contact with water or ground),
Commercial restriction:No commercial restriction
IUCN Red List status:
Grain:Straigth or interlocked
Interlocked Grain:Slight
Sapwood:Clearly demarcated
Typical colour:Red Brown
Physical description
Crushing strength:74 (+/- 10) MPa
Specific Gravity (at 12% MC):0,87 (+/- 0,07)
Stability:Poorly stable
Static bending strength:143 (+/- 19) MPa
Dry wood borers:Class D - Durable - sapwood demarcated
Fungi:Class 1 - Very durable
Termites:Class D - Durable
Treatability:Class 4 - Not permeable
Technical descriptions from the software Tropix 7 [1], with permission of the Research Unit Biomass, Wood, Energy, Bioproducts [2], CIRAD [3].

Comparable species
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