Species: Makore

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Species profile
The wood is dark pink brown to dark red brown with sometimes purplish glints and/or pale veins slightly distinct, Often moiré. It has clearly demarcated sapwood. The grain is straight or interlocked and the texture is medium. Density at 12 % moisture content: 0.69 g/cm3.

The blunting effect is high and peeling and slicing is reported to be good. Very irritant sawdust. Sometimes clogging of sawblades. Nailing is good but pre-boring is necessary. Gluing is correct. Tends to split in nailing. Gluing requires care (dense wood). It dries normal. Initial surface drying prior to kiln drying is recommended in order to reduce defects. Some logs are not floatable.

Makore is very durable to fungi and is durable to dry wood borers; sapwood demarcated (risk limited to sapwood). Due to its high silica content, this species naturally covers the biological hazard class 5 (end-uses in marine environment or in brackish water).

Makore can be used for several applications such as:
• interior: e.g. panelling, high class furniture, veneer, flooring, stairs, joinery, sliced veneer, light carpentry, sculpture
• exterior: e.g. panelling, ship building, bridges, joinery, vehicle or container flooring

• CIRAD Forestry Department

Family:SAPOTACEAE (angiosperm)
Local and common name(s)
Nom Adjap Elang, Makore, Abacu, Makore, Abacu, Douka, N' Duka, Baku, Okola,
Scientific name(s)
Tieghemella heckelii, Tieghemella africana, Dumoria spp. (synonymous),
Typical use
Exterior joinery, Flooring, Bridges (Parts not in contact with water or ground), Exterior panelling, Sliced veneer, Light carpentry, Ship building (planking and deck), Veneer for back or face of plywood, Sculpture, Interior joinery, Stairs (inside), Interior panelling, Current furniture or furniture components, Cabinetwork (high class furniture), Ship building (ribs), Veneer for interior of plywood, Vehicle or container flooring, Turned goods,
Commercial restriction:No commercial restriction
IUCN Red List status:
Grain:Straigth or interlocked
Interlocked Grain:Marked but not frequent
Sapwood:Clearly demarcated
Typical colour:Red Brown
Physical description
Crushing strength:59 (+/- 10) MPa
Specific Gravity (at 12% MC):0,69 (+/- 0,05)
Stability:Moderately stable to stable
Static bending strength:98 (+/- 17) MPa
Dry wood borers:Class D - Durable - sapwood demarcated
Fungi:Class 1 - Very durable
Termites:Class D - Durable
Treatability:Class 4 - Not permeable
Technical descriptions from the software Tropix 7 [1], with permission of the Research Unit Biomass, Wood, Energy, Bioproducts [2], CIRAD [3].

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