The wood is cream white to light yellow bordering on light brown. Unpleasant odour when green or with rewetted wood. It does not have demarcated sapwood. The grain is straight or interlocked and the texture is medium.
The blunting effect is fairly high and peeling and slicing is reported to be good. Possible difficulties with highly interlocked grain; in this case, special tools are recommended. Sometimes, high silica content for C. tessmannii. Nailing is good but pre-boring is necessary. Tends to split in nailing. Gluing is correct. Celtis dries slowly. Defects can be reduced by top weighting the piles and applying end-coating products. Drying must be done slowly and carefully. Hardness varies from fairly hard to hard.
Celtis is not durable to fungi and is susceptible to dry wood borers; sapwood not or slightly demarcated (risk in all the wood). Prone to blue stain.
Celtis can be used for several applications such as:
• interior: e.g. panelling, veneer, boxes and crates, furniture, stairs, formwork, flooring, joinery, moulding, matches, sliced veneer
• exterior: e.g. heavy carpentry, vehicle or container flooring
Sawdust may be irritant (Ohia)
• CIRAD Forestry Department
Odou Vrai, Lohonfe, Esa-Biri, Lokonfi, Ita, Ekembe Bakaswa, Bawe, Edou, Ba, Esa-Fufu, Shiunza, Namanuka, Bolunde, Kiliakamba, Engo, Esa-Kosua, Dunki, Zuwo, Diania, Odou, Asan, Celtis, Esa-Kokoo, Ohia, Balze, Kayombo, Celtis D'Afrique,
Celtis adolfi-friderici, Celtis tessmannii, Celtis mildbraedii, Celtis zenderi, Celtis gomphylla,
Veneer for interior of plywood, Formwork, Flooring, Interior panelling, Turned goods, Matches, Stairs (inside), Sliced veneer, Veneer for back or face of plywood, Boxes and crates, Interior joinery, Moulding, Heavy carpentry, Current furniture or furniture components, Vehicle or container flooring,
|Commercial restriction:||No commercial restriction|
|IUCN Red List status:|
|Grain:||Straigth or interlocked|
|Typical colour:||Light Yellow|
|Crushing strength:||59 (+/- 7) MPa|
|Specific Gravity (at 12% MC):||0,74 (+/- 0,07) |
|Stability:||Moderately stable |
|Static bending strength:||113 (+/- 16) MPa|
|Dry wood borers:||Class S - Susceptible|
|Fungi:||Class 5 - Not durable|
|Termites:||Class S - Susceptible|
|Treatability:||Class 1 - Easily permeable|
Technical descriptions from the software Tropix 7 , with permission of the Research Unit Biomass, Wood, Energy, Bioproducts , CIRAD .
This website is monitored and updated by FSC Denmark. The information displayed is based on the best accessible data and FSC Denmark strives to ensure that all information is correct. FSC Denmark cannot be held responsible for any consequences, such as product failure or other damage arising from the use of information from this website. If any errors or inaccuracies are detected, please contact the web editors through E-mail: