Species: Celtis D Afrique

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Celtis D Afrique
Species profile
The wood is cream white to light yellow bordering on light brown. Unpleasant odour when green or with rewetted wood. It does not have demarcated sapwood. The grain is straight or interlocked and the texture is medium.

The blunting effect is fairly high and peeling and slicing is reported to be good. Possible difficulties with highly interlocked grain; in this case, special tools are recommended. Sometimes, high silica content for C. tessmannii. Nailing is good but pre-boring is necessary. Tends to split in nailing. Gluing is correct. Celtis dries slowly. Defects can be reduced by top weighting the piles and applying end-coating products. Drying must be done slowly and carefully. Hardness varies from fairly hard to hard.

Celtis is not durable to fungi and is susceptible to dry wood borers; sapwood not or slightly demarcated (risk in all the wood). Prone to blue stain.

Celtis can be used for several applications such as:
• interior: e.g. panelling, veneer, boxes and crates, furniture, stairs, formwork, flooring, joinery, moulding, matches, sliced veneer
• exterior: e.g. heavy carpentry, vehicle or container flooring

Sawdust may be irritant (Ohia)

• CIRAD Forestry Department

Family:ULMACEAE (angiosperm)
Local and common name(s)
Odou Vrai, Lohonfe, Esa-Biri, Lokonfi, Ita, Ekembe Bakaswa, Bawe, Edou, Ba, Esa-Fufu, Shiunza, Namanuka, Bolunde, Kiliakamba, Engo, Esa-Kosua, Dunki, Zuwo, Diania, Odou, Asan, Celtis, Esa-Kokoo, Ohia, Balze, Kayombo, Celtis D'Afrique,
Scientific name(s)
Celtis adolfi-friderici, Celtis tessmannii, Celtis mildbraedii, Celtis zenderi, Celtis gomphylla,
Typical use
Veneer for interior of plywood, Formwork, Flooring, Interior panelling, Turned goods, Matches, Stairs (inside), Sliced veneer, Veneer for back or face of plywood, Boxes and crates, Interior joinery, Moulding, Heavy carpentry, Current furniture or furniture components, Vehicle or container flooring,
Commercial restriction:No commercial restriction
IUCN Red List status:
Grain:Straigth or interlocked
Interlocked Grain:Slight
Sapwood:Not demarcated
Typical colour:Light Yellow
Physical description
Crushing strength:59 (+/- 7) MPa
Specific Gravity (at 12% MC):0,74 (+/- 0,07)
Stability:Moderately stable
Static bending strength:113 (+/- 16) MPa
Dry wood borers:Class S - Susceptible
Fungi:Class 5 - Not durable
Termites:Class S - Susceptible
Treatability:Class 1 - Easily permeable
Technical descriptions from the software Tropix 7 [1], with permission of the Research Unit Biomass, Wood, Energy, Bioproducts [2], CIRAD [3].

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